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The Moon will appear full for about three days around this time, from Saturday night through Tuesday morning. The Moon will be close enough to opposite the Sun that it will pass through the partial shadow of the Earth, with 83 percent of the Moon in the partial shadow at AM, the peak of the eclipse. The dimming of the Moon during this eclipse will probably not be noticeable without instrumentation, but for spacecraft at the Moon such as the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter LRO the reduction in solar power will be noticeable. In the 's the Maine Farmer's Almanac first published "Indian" names for the yearly full Moons tied to the European months.
I think it more likely these Native American names were loosely tied to the seasons especially if they were in use before contact with Europeans. Because most of the Earth had two full Moons in October the newer definition of a Blue Moonthe Moon names by season and names by month will be offset until the summer ofwhich will have four full Moons and have a Blue Moon by the older definition. Going by season, as the last full Moon of the autumn the Algonquin tribes of what is now the northern and eastern United States called this Moon the Cold Moon, due to the long, cold nights.
Other names were the Frost Moon or the Winter Moon, for the frosts as winter nears. As the full Moon before the winter solstice, an old European name for this Moon is the Oak Moon, a name that some believe ties back to ancient druid traditions of harvesting mistletoe from oak trees first recorded by the Roman historian Pliny the Elder in the 1st century CE. The term "druid" may derive from the Proto-Indo-European roots for "oak" and "to see," suggesting the term means "oak knower" or "oak seer.
Some sources use these names for the full Moon in December, even if it occurs after Yule and the winter solstice. When she saw the rising full Moon, she said: "You know what this Moon is called? It's called Moon. Because the Moon rises at a time that the children, they can see it, because they're not in bed, and they might even be outside like we are right now. For the Northern Hemisphere the earliest sunsets of the year are in early December. With this full Moon on November 30, the evening before, Sunday, November 29,is the earliest sunset of the year with a full Moon in the sky, making this the Child Moon!
This festival is celebrated when the nearly full Moon lines up with the Pleiades constellation Krittika or Karttikaiand will be celebrated this year on November 29, In Myanmar the festival of lights associated with this full Moon is the Tazaungdaing Festival, a festival that predates the introduction of Buddhism. Every full Moon Poya is a holiday in Sri Lanka.
This is the Ill or Il Poya, commemorating the Buddha's ordination of sixty disciples as the first missionaries. In lunisolar calendars the months change with the new Moon and full Moons fall in the middle of the lunar month. This full Moon is the middle of the tenth month Ski tonight or sometime soon 30 chicago 30 the Chinese calendar and Kislev in the Hebrew calendar. Hanukkah begins towards the end of Kislev and ends early in the next month, Tevet. In the Islamic calendar the months start with the first sighting of the waxing crescent Moon after the New Moon.
This full Moon is near the middle of Rabi' al-Thani, the fourth month of the Islamic year. As usual, the wearing of suitably celebratory celestial attire is encouraged in honor of the full Moon. Stay warm, but take advantage of these early nightfalls to get out, look up, and share the wonders of the sky! As autumn ends and winter begins, the daily periods of sunlight reach their shortest and then begin to lengthen again. The day of the northern hemisphere winter solstice is sometimes called the "shortest day of the year" because it has the shortest period of daylight. It is actually nearly the longest solar day of the year as measured for example from noon to noon on a sundial.
The length of a solar day varies throughout the year if you're interested in why, I can send a separate document upon request. Around the solstices the solar days are slightly longer than the 24 hour average that our clocks use. Because of this, the earliest sunsets of the year occur before the winter solstice and the latest sunrises of the year ignoring Daylight Savings Time occur after the solstice. For the DC area morning twilight will begin at AM, sunrise will be at AM, solar noon will be at PM when the Sun will reach its maximum altitude of The day of the winter solstice will have the shortest period of sunlight for the year, 9 hours, 26 minutes, The solar day from solar noon on Monday to solar noon on Tuesday, December 22,will be the longest solar day of the year, On the evening of the full Moon on Monday, November 30,as evening twilight ends at PM EST for the Washington, DC areathe bright planet Jupiter will appear 20 degrees above the horizon in the southwest with the planet Saturn appearing to the upper left of Jupiter at 22 degrees above the horizon.
The bright planet Mars will appear about 42 degrees above the Ski tonight or sometime soon 30 chicago 30 in the east-southeast.
The bright star appearing closest to directly overhead will be Deneb, appearing 70 degrees above the horizon in the west-northwest. Deneb is one of the three bright stars in the "Summer Triangle," along with Vega to the west-northwest at 47 degrees above the horizon and Altair to the west-southwest at 45 degrees above the horizon. As the lunar cycle progresses, these planets and the background of stars will appear to shift towards the west.
Mars will remain high and visible, having reached its closest and brightest for the year on October 13, We will be coming to the end of the evenings with good viewing of the planets Jupiter and Saturn, but these two planets will give us one more show both for the naked eye and by telescope before they pass around the far side of the Sun as seen from the Earth.
In late November and the first part of December Jupiter and Saturn will appear to gradually shift closer to each other, appearing nearer than the apparent diameter of the Moon from December 17 to They will appear at their closest, about one-fifth the diameter of the Moon, on December 21, With a backyard telescope you should be able to see in the same field of view Jupiter's four bright moons, Ganymede, Callisto, Europa, and Io, as well as Saturn's brightly illuminated rings and largest moon, Titan.
Seeing Jupiter and Saturn so near each other should appear spectacular by telescope and with the naked eye. The planet Mars will appear about 58 degrees above the horizon in the southeast and will be the bright object that appears closest to directly overhead. The bright stars of the Orion—Cygnus Arm of our home galaxy will appear low on the horizon in the east. On the morning of the next full Moon on November 30,as morning twilight begins at AM EST for the Washington, DC areathe bright planet Venus will appear in the east-southeast about 13 degrees above the horizon.
The planet Mercury will rise at AM about 9 minutes after morning twilight begins and may be visible until about 30 minutes before sunrise about AM. The bright star appearing closest to overhead Ski tonight or sometime soon 30 chicago 30 be Regulus, which will be about 62 degrees above the horizon in the south-southwest. The bright stars of the Orion—Cygnus Arm of our home galaxy, including the brightest of the stars, Sirius, and the constellation Orion, will appear low on the horizon from the southwest to the northwest.
As the lunar cycle progresses, the background of stars will appear to shift towards the west each morning while the planet Venus will appear to shift slowly towards the east, dimming slightly as it moves farther away from the Earth and towards the far side of the Sun. The planet Mercury will be below the horizon as morning twilight begins but may visible as it rises in the glow of dawn until about December 6, By the morning of the full Moon after next on December 29,as morning twilight begins at AM EST for the Washington, DC areathe bright planet Venus will appear in the east-southeast about 5 degrees above the horizon.
The bright star appearing closest to overhead will be Arcturus, which will be about 63 degrees above the horizon in the southeast. The Geminid Meteor Shower will occur during this lunar cycle, one of the best meteor showers of the year. The Geminids are expected to be active from December 4 to 20 and to peak on the night of December 13 into the morning of December 14, This peak is near the new Moon, so moonlight will not interfere, making this a good year for the Geminids. Under ideal conditions this shower should peak at to visible meteors per hour.
Ideal conditions include a dark place far from any light sources, clear skies no clouds or high hazesa clear view of a large expanse of the sky, and plenty of uninterrupted darkness to allow your eyes to adapt. Unlike most meteor showers, the constellation Gemini the radiant for this shower is far enough north that for the Northern Hemisphere these meteors should be visible as long as the sky is fully dark for the Washington, DC area from about PM on December 13 through AM on December 14, According to the International Meteor Organization's Meteor Shower Calendar, the world-wide maximum is expected December 13,at PM EST, but this shower tends to have a broad peak so meteor viewing should be good throughout the night.
You might even see a few meteors on the nights around this peak.
The other showers during this lunar cycle are expected to have visibility limited by moonlight or to peak at 5 or less visible meteors per hour even under ideal conditions which very few of us have access to in our urban and suburban environments. This meteor shower is called the Geminids because the meteors appear to radiate out from the constellation Gemini.
The Geminids are relatively slow moving meteors, entering the Earth's atmosphere at about 35 kilometers per second 78, miles per hour.
The Geminids appear to be one of only two annual meteor showers associated with asteroids rather than comets. The dust that causes the Geminids appears to come from the asteroid Phaethon, which has an eccentric 1. The problem is that it is hard to explain why there is so much dust. One possibility is that this asteroid may have shot out gas and dust when it was close to the Sun in past orbits.
There is another asteroid, UD, that appears to be in a related orbit. It is possible that two asteroids collided with one another, producing UD, Phaethon, and the massive amounts of debris that cause the Geminids each year. It is also possible that a larger body in a similar orbit broke apart due to thermal stress or other reasons, producing these two asteroids and the Geminids stream. Wednesday evening into Thursday morning, November 25 to 26,the bright planet Mars will appear above the waxing gibbous Moon. Even though they are not usually visible, I include in these Moon missives information about Near Earth Objects mostly asteroids that may pass the Earth within 5 lunar distances, because I find it interesting that we have discovered so many.
Sometime between now and early December, Nov UTC with 8 days, 1 hour, 42 minutes uncertaintyNear Earth Object RQ4between 11 and 25 meters 36 to 81 feet across, will pass the Earth at between 1. Thursday morning, November 26,will be the last morning for this apparition that the planet Mercury will be above the east-southeastern horizon when morning twilight begins. On Sunday evening into Monday morning, November 29 to 30,the bright star Aldebaran will appear near the full Moon. Around this time the Moon will pass through the partial shadow of the Earth called a penumbral lunar eclipsebut the slight dimming of the Moon will be hard to notice without instrumentation.
By Monday evening, November 30,the Moon will have shifted to the other side of the bright star Aldebaran. Aldebaran will appear about 7 degrees to the right of the full Moon as evening twilight ends and they will appear to separate as Monday night progresses into Tuesday morning. This object's orbit around the Sun is close enough to the Earth's to make it a temporary moon of the Earth.
This orbit and its size suggests SO might not be an asteroid at all. It might be a rocket booster from one of the Apollo era Moon missions that has been orbiting the Sun ever since. On Thursday night into Friday morning, December 3 to 4,the bright star Pollux will appear near the waning gibbous Moon. The Moon will reach its highest in the sky on Friday morning at AM with Pollux appearing to the upper right, and Pollux will appear to the right of the Moon as morning twilight begins at AM. On Sunday night into Monday morning, December 6 to 7,the bright star Regulus will appear near the waning gibbous Moon.
The Moon will reach its highest in the sky on Monday morning at 5 AM with Regulus appearing to the lower left, and morning twilight will begin at AM. By Monday evening, December 7,the half Moon will have shifted to the other side of the bright star Regulus.
Regulus will appear to the upper right of the waning gibbous Moon as it rises in the east-northeast at PM EST for the Washington, DC area and the pair will appear to separate as Monday night progresses into Tuesday morning. Sometime around Tuesday, December 8, Dec UTC with 4 days, 15 hours, 7 minutes uncertaintyNear Earth Object XBbetween 40 and 90 meters to feet across, will pass the Earth at between 3. On Thursday morning, December 10,the bright star Spica will appear to the lower right of the waning crescent Moon. Spica will rise in the east-southeast at AM EST for the Washington, DC area and the pair will appear about 35 degrees above the horizon in the southeast as morning twilight begins at AM.
On Saturday morning, December 12,the bright planet Venus will appear below the thin, waning crescent Moon. Farther west across North America, Venus and the Moon will appear closer together, and for parts of the west coast the Moon will actually pass in front of Venus. One of the best meteor showers of the year, the Geminids, is expected to peak Sunday night, December 13 into Monday morning, December 14,Ski tonight or sometime soon 30 chicago 30
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